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Many patients with type 2 diabetes take oral antidiabetic medications, either as monotherapy or in conjunction with other oral antidiabetic medications or insulin. It’s important you are able to recognize these medications as their use increases the risk of hypoglycemia, especially when taken with insulin. 

This episode provides a brief overview of each of the oral antidiabetic medications with a few key things to know about each one.

  • Sulfonylureas (ex: glipizide)
  • Biguanides (ex: metformin)
  • Thiazolidinediones (ex: pioglitazone/Actos)
  • Meglitinides (ex: repaglinide)
  • DPP-4 inhibitors (ex: sitagliptin/Januvia)
  • Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors (ex: acarbose)
  • SGLT2 inhibitors (ex: canagliflozin/Invokana)
  • Dopamine agonist (ex: bromocriptine/Cycloset)


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